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Blinn College • Bryan • Natural Science • Chemistry - CHEM

Organic Chemistry I CHEM-2423

  • Spring 2014
  • Section SECTION_301 CRN-20964
  • 4 Credits
  • 01/13/2014 to 05/06/2014
  • Modified 01/15/2014

Meeting Times


  • Monday, Wednesday, 7:45 AM to 10:25 AM, S209/S226

Check the Class Schedule to determine the meeting room for a given day

Contact Information

Professor: Dr. Beverly Clement

Office Hours

  • Monday, Wednesday, 2:00 PM to 4:00 PM, S237
  • Tuesday, Thursday, 11:00 AM to 1:00 PM, S237

and by appointment


In this course, the fundamental principles of organic chemistry will be studied, including the structure, bonding, properties, and reactivity of organic molecules; and properties and behavior of organic compounds and their derivatives. Emphasis is placed on organic synthesis and mechanisms. Includes study of covalent and ionic bonding, nomenclature, stereochemistry, structure and reactivity, reaction mechanisms, functional groups, and synthesis of simple molecules. Laboratory activities will reinforce fundamental principles of organic chemistry. This course is intended for students in science or pre-professional programs.


Prerequisites: CHEM 1412 with a grade of "C" or better.

Core Curriculum Statement

This course is not a core curriculum course.


  1. Classify organic compounds by structure, molecular orbitals, hybridization, resonance, tautomerism, polarity, chirality, conformation, and functionality.
  2. Identify organic molecules using appropriate organic nomenclature.
  3. Describe the principle reactions for syntheses of molecules, ions, and radicals.
  4. Describe organic reactions in terms of radical and ionic mechanisms.
  5. Predict the chirality of reaction products based on enantiomeric and diastereomeric relationships.
  6. Describe the use of spectroscopic data to determine the structure of organic molecules.
  7. Formulate appropriate reaction conditions for the synthesis of simple organic molecules.
  8. Perform chemical experiments, analysis procedures, and waste disposal in a safe and responsible manner.
  9. Utilize scientific tools such as glassware and analytical instruments to collect and analyze data.
  10. Identify and utilize appropriate separation techniques such as distillation, extraction, and chromatography to purify organic compounds.
  11. Record experimental work completely and accurately in laboratory notebooks, and communicate experimental results clearly in written reports.
  12. Demonstrate a basic understanding of stereochemistry.
  13. Perform organic syntheses of molecules.
  14. Use spectroscopic data to determine the structure of organic molecules.



Textbook: Organic Chemistry, Structure and Function 6th Ed., Vollhardt and Schore, Freeman, 2011, (recommended but not strictly required)

Lab Manual: Chem2423/2425 OChem Lab Manual, 10th Ed., Clement and Harding, Sapling, 2013

Online Homework: Sapling Learning; Sapling Learning, Inc.,  (Required)

Safety Equipment: chemical vapor resistant safety goggles(OSHA approved- REQUIRED), aprons or lab coats (Optional)

Organic Molecular Model Kit (Recommended)

Organic Chemistry As A Second Language:  First Semester Topics, (any edition), D.R. Klein, John Wiley & Sons (2012, 2006, 2005).


Course Requirements

Exams are a requirement.  There will be 4 exams worth 100 points each given about as indicated in the attached schedule.  Each of the exams will include all of the material covered through that stage of the course, i.e., all exams are comprehensive.  The lowest of the four grades will be dropped.  Format of the exams will vary.  If you miss an exam, this will be the grade that is dropped.  Make-up exams will be allowed in exceptional situations at my discretion, but only if taken before the graded exam is returned to the class.  The final exam is comprehensive and worth 150 pts.

Homework is a requirement.  Homework will be completed in Sapling. 


  1. Go to
    1. If you already have a Sapling Learning account, log in and skip to step 3.
    2. If you have Facebook account, you can use it to quickly create a SaplingLearning account.
    3. Click the blue button with the Facebook symbol on it (just to the left of the username field).
    4. The form will auto-fill with information from your Facebook account (you may need to log into Facebook in the popup window first).
    5.  Choose a password and time zone, accept the site policy agreement, and click "Create my new account". You can then skip to step 3.
    6. Otherwise, click "create account”. Supply the requested information and click "Create my new account". Check your email (and spam filter) for a message from Sapling Learning and click on the link provided in that email.
  3. Find your course in the list (you may need to expand the subject and term categories) and click the link.
  4. Select a payment option and follow the remaining instructions.
  5. Work on the Sapling Learning training materials. The activities, videos, and information pages will familiarize you with the Sapling Learning user environment and serve as tutorials for efficiently drawing molecules, stereochemistry, etc. within the Sapling Learning answer modules. These training materials are already accessible in your Sapling Learning course.


Your score for your homework will be based upon the overall percentage of the assignments that you complete correctly.  100% = 75 pts.  Homework is worth 10% of your final grade.

Laboratory Experiments are a requirement.  The laboratory portion of this course counts for 25% of the course grade.  We have 9 experiments scheduled.  You will be graded on your lab report.  Lab reports will be due at the beginning of the second class period after its completion.  You will lose 5 points per class period for labs turned in late.  The “dry lab” synthesis lab grades will not be dropped.

The Final Exam is a requirement and is worth 20% of your final grade.

Eye protection is a requirement.  Students are responsible for purchasing appropriate eye protection and wearing eye protection during laboratories.  Appropriate eye protection for this class is safety goggles.  Proper laboratory attire is a requirement.  “Missing” or being dismissed from a lab for missing goggles or improper attire will not be considered an excused absence. 


Grading and Grading Policy. CHEM 2423 (4 hr credit) is divided into both lecture (3 hr) and laboratory (1 hr) components. The lecture and Final will count toward 75% of the final grade and the lab will make up 25% of the final course grade. Your grades will be posted on eCampus so you will always know your standing in the course.

Exams (4 x 100 pts; best 3)

300 pts


Homework (% correct x 75 pts)

Laboratory Experiments and Syn Labs 

  75 pts

225 pts



Final Exam

150 pts



750 pts



The grading scale will be:


≥ 90%

≥ 675 pts


≥ 80%

≥ 600 pts


≥ 70%

≥ 525 pts


≥ 50%

≥ 375 pts


< 50%



Blinn College Policies

Blinn College policies on civility, class attendance; scholastic integrity; students with disabilities; final grade appeals; and electronic devices as stated in the Blinn College Student Handbook, Faculty Handbook, Blinn College Catalog and specific technical program handbooks. All policies, guidelines and procedures in the Student and Faculty Handbook and the Board and Administrative Policy Manuals are applicable to this course

Civility Statement

Members of the Blinn College community, which includes faculty, staff and students, are expected to act honestly and responsibly in all aspects of campus life. Blinn College holds all members accountable for their actions and words. Therefore, all members should commit themselves to behave in a manner that recognizes personal respect and demonstrates concern for the personal dignity, rights, and freedoms of every member of the College community, including respect for College property and the physical and intellectual property of others.

      Civility Notification Statement. If a student is asked to leave the classroom because of uncivil behavior, the student may not return to that class until he or she arranges a conference with the instructor; it is the student’s responsibility to arrange for this conference. 

      This statement reflects step one in a possible four step process.  The Incivility Protocol is detailed in the Blinn College Student Handbook.

Attendance Policy

The College District believes that class attendance is essential for student success; therefore, students are required to promptly and regularly attend all their classes. A record of attendance will be maintained from the first day of classes and/or the first day the student’s name appears on the roster through final examinations. If a student has one week’s worth of unexcused absences during the semester, he or she will be sent an e-mail by the College District requiring the student to contact his or her instructor and schedule a conference immediately to discuss his/her attendance issues. Should the student accumulate two weeks’ worth of unexcused absences, he or she will be administratively withdrawn from class.

There are four forms of excused absences recognized by the institution:

  1. observance of religious holy days—The student should notify his or her instructor(s) not later than the 15th day of the semester concerning the specific date(s) that the student will be absent for any religious holy day(s);
  2. representing the College District at an official institutional function;
  3. high school dual credit students representing the independent school district at an official institutional function; and
  4. military service.

Other absences may be considered excused at the discretion of the faculty member with appropriate documentation.  A student enrolled in a developmental course is subject to College District-mandated attendance policies. Failure to attend developmental classes shall result in removal from the course as defined by the College District.

It is the student’s responsibility to officially drop a class he or she is no longer attending.  To officially drop a class the student must obtain the class withdrawal form from Enrollment Services, complete the class withdrawal form, secure the required signatures, and return the completed form to Enrollment Services. The last day to drop with a Q is according to the Academic Calendar.

Scholastic Integrity

Blinn College does not tolerate cheating, plagiarism, or any other act of dishonesty with regard to the course in which you are enrolled.  The following text defines the faculty member’s responsibility with regard to the scholastic integrity expectation for this and all courses at Blinn College.

It is the responsibility of faculty members to maintain scholastic integrity at the College District by refusing to tolerate any form of scholastic dishonesty.  Adequate control of test materials, strict supervision during testing, and other preventive measures should be utilized, as necessary, to prevent cheating or plagiarism.  If there is compelling evidence that a student is involved in cheating or plagiarism, the instructor should assume responsibility and address the infraction.  Likewise, any student accused of scholastic dishonesty is entitled to due process as outlined in Blinn College Board Policy FLB (Local).  The Scholastic Integrity Policy is located in the Blinn College Student Handbook. In a case of scholastic dishonesty, it is critical that written documentation be maintained at each level throughout the process.

Students with Disabilities

Blinn College is dedicated to providing the least restrictive learning environment for all students. Support services for students with documented disabilities are provided on an individual basis, upon request. Requests for services should be made directly to the Office of Special Populations serving the campus of your choice.  For the Bryan campus, the Office of Special Populations (Administration Building) can be reached at (979)209-7251.  The Brenham, Sealy and Schulenburg campuses are served by the Office of Special Populations on the Brenham campus (Administration Building Room 104) and can be reached at (979)830-4157.  Additional information can be found at

Final Grade Appeal

If a student wishes to appeal a final grade in a course, Blinn College Board Policy FLDB (Local), Course Grade Complaints, outlines the timeline for the appeal and the four steps in the appeal.  This policy is located in the Blinn College Student Handbook.

Electronic Devices

Cellular telephones and beepers/pagers must be disengaged while the student is in the Blinn College Library or any classroom/lab, unless otherwise instructed. Any noncompliance with this policy shall be addressed in accordance with the College District civility policy (administrative policy).  This information is contained in Blinn College Board Policy FLB (Local).

Course Policies

Classroom and Laboratory Conduct

When you enter the classroom or laboratory, you are entering a learning environment. As such, disruptions due to inappropriate behavior will not be tolerated. Talking, reading the newspaper, texting, and other activities that disrupt or detract from the classroom or laboratory learning experience will not be allowed. Eating and drinking are not allowed in Blinn classrooms. As previously mentioned, any visible food or drink container (even if it is sealed) is a safety violation in lab and will cause your immediate removal from the laboratory with a grade of zero being assigned for that experiment.


  1. You must have enclosed chemical resistant safety goggles for the lab. 
  2. No eating or drinking in the laboratory.  Smoking is prohibited in all campus buildings.
  3. Follow Experimental Procedures and additional instructions from your Professor.
  4. Dress defensively.
    1. Feet must be protected from falling broken glassware and splashed chemicals.  No flip-flops, sandals or open-toed shoes will be allowed.
    2. Exposed skin is quite susceptible to injury by splattering of hot or caustic solutions. Normal clothing provides partial protection against these hazards if the skin is covered.  Wear sensible clothing (e.g. jeans, and shirt) that will be no great loss if they get discolored or develop holes from an acid splash.  Regardless you must be covered from you neck (shoulder covered) to your ankles.  Wearing shorts, mid-length pants (Capri style), etc. is not permitted.  You may wish to purchase and wear a lab coat as a second level of protection (coverage to your ankles is still required).  A lab apron provides even greater protection.
  5. Wear enclosing safety goggles (enclosing type) at all times while in the laboratory.  After an initial warning, 5 points will be deducted from your laboratory grade.  Students who must wear contacts need to:
    1. Use enclosing type safety goggles.
    2. Wash hands, eyes, and lenses immediately after the laboratory.
    3. Avoid all unnecessary exposures to volatile corrosives.
    4. Notify the instructor immediately of any eye irritation.
  6. Know the location and know how to use the safety equipment (safety showers, eyewash stations, fire extinguisher). Use them only in an emergency.
  7. Follow all special safety instructions in you laboratory text or noted by your Professor.

Reading assignments

You can expect to cover at least 1 chapter per week and should use this as a guideline to plan ahead. You should have read all of the topics to be covered in each lecture before coming to class. This material is considered to be fair game for the scheduled exams and the final.

Course eCampus

A CHEM 2434 eCampus homepage has been created and can be found at the following Internet address This site contains the course information sheet, homework assignments, and any additional lecture notes for the chapter being covered. Note: Simply studying the notes or old PowerPoint lectures provided on eCampus will not be sufficient to ensure a good grade in this course.


An Incomplete can only be awarded under very specific conditions. Specifically, Incomplete's are awarded only if 90% of the course work has been completed. This means that something has happened at the end of the semester (documented illness, family emergency, catastrophic accident, etc.) and you are missing the last exam or the Final. An Incomplete cannot be given for a crisis at the middle of the semester or for being late for the Final Exam.

An Incomplete requires a contract be written, approved, and signed by the student, the instructor, and the division head prior to the "I" being given. No paperwork, no Incomplete. If you fail to complete the missing work in the specified time, a grade of F will be awarded. Incomplete's do not allow a student to retake the entire course to improve their grade.

Attendance Policy Reminder: Missing lecture, lab or both will count as one absence. Since we meet for an extended time period each day during a 5 week summer session, 1 absence is the equivalent of 1 week. Students accumulating two week’s worth of absences (2 class periods) will be dropped.

Last day to drop classes w/a “Q”- Spring 2014: Friday April 11th

Problem Resolution: If you have a complaint about your class, you should first request a conference with your instructor to try and resolve the problems or issues. If the problems or issues cannot be resolved at the instructor level, you should request a conference with the Division Chair, Mr. Dwight Bohlmeyer, Science 241, [email protected].


This class is a “double lecture/double lab” format.  Our meetings will be in classroom S209 and laboratory S226. A second class (CHEM 1411) will alternate rooms with us.  The Schedule below outlines the rooms and schedule for this class. 

These are the 'tentative' lists of dates for scheduled exams, deadlines for homework, and lab reports.






Jan. 13



Introduction, Review, Nomenclature, Functional Groups

Jan. 15



Safety Video, Structure and Bonding, Lewis Dots, Bond Formation, Nomenclature

Jan. 20


Blinn Holiday




Cycloalkanes, conformers, Nomenclature

Cis-Trans Isomerization, Axial vs. Equitorial Strain, Conformation of Polycyclics, Bicyclic Nomenclature

Jan. 27



Chemical Functional Groups, Organic Reactivity, Class Exercise

Jan. 28



HW 1 Due

Jan. 29



Exam I

Feb. 3



Who Has My Compound

Feb. 5




Feb. 10




Feb. 12



Stereochemistry, Enantiomers, Diastereomers, Meso Compounds, R,S-nomenclature

Feb. 17



Stereochemistry, Prochirality and Stereospecific Reactions

Feb. 19



Organohalides, Nomenclature, Synthesis, Rearrangement Considerations

SN1, SN2, E1, and E2 - Considerations Driving Reaction Mechanisms

Feb. 24



TLC and Natural Products

Feb. 26



Synthesis Exp. 1

Mar. 2



HW 2 due

Mar. 3



Exam II

Mar. 5



Phase Transfer Reactions

Mar. 10 - 16

Spring Break

>Mar. 17



Alcohols and the Hydroxyl Functionality

Mar. 19



Additional Alcohol reactions, Additional Synthetic considerations

Mar. 24



Infrared Spectroscopy

Mar. 26



Distillation and GC

Mar. 31



Reactions of Alcohols

Apr. 2



Ethers and Epoxides, Protecting Groups

Apr. 7



Synthesis Exp. 2

Apr. 8



Homework 3 due

Apr. 9



Exam III

Apr. 11


Last day to drop with a Q

Apr. 14



Alkenes, Reactions and Synthesis, Mechanisms and Stereochemistry of Reactions

Apr. 16



Distillation and Gas Chromatography

Apr. 16



Alkynes, Nomenclatures, Reactions

Apr. 21



Applications to Organic Synthesis, Synthetic approaches

Apr. 23



Synthesis 3

Apr. 27



HW 4 due

Apr. 28



Exam IV

Apr. 30




May 2



Final Exam, 7:45 am - 9:45 am, Room S209